Calcium and vitamin D can both protect against diabetes.

Recent finding: Women who get more than 1,200 mg of calcium along with more than 800 IU of vitamin D daily have a 33% lower risk of type 2 diabetes than people who get less calcium and vitamin D.

Best: Have one to two servings of low-fat dairy, such as milk and yogurt, a day, and take a supplement containing 500 mg of calcium and a vitamin D pill containing 400 IU.

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